Filipa Fernandes interviewed on Antena 1
CAPP researcher Filipa Fernandes was interviewed on the consequences of the growth of tourism in the city of Lisbon, for Portugal em Directo, a broadcast by Antena 1 that went live on July 3.
Filipa Fernandes is the principal investigator for the research project Touristification, processes, dynamics – The case of Lisbon, Portugal, ongoing at the Centre for Public Administration and Public Policies. The main objective of the project is to provide an analysis on the transformation processes emerging in places where tourism is gaining relevance.
In a recent interview for Antena 1 (starting at the 11 min and 57 seconds mark), the researcher recalls that the latest statistical data from Statistics Portugal (INE) shows that tourism has been on the rise, which is visible in revenues, on the rising number of reservations or in the number of properties signing up for Local Accommodation. The researcher notes then that "Lisbon is fashionable right now, Lisbon is growing, and consequently, there are some effects that we can consider when we have local communities for reference, moreover those living near the historical neighborhoods".
While recognizing the importance of tourism to the economy, Filipa Fernandes identifies a set of negative effects that are evident in the transformations that take place both in the spaces as well as in the dynamics of the city resulting from this type of activities. Whether through the eviction of residents, in the increase of rents, or visible in the bankruptcy of small businesses, the pressure of tourism is reflected in real estate speculation all over Europe.
Another process that follows from "touristification processes" is the transformation of commercial spaces, which turn to tourist consumption. The researcher offers the example of "groceries stores which are transformed for tourists, giving way to souvenir shops, while others are transformed into little bars". These places fall out of reach of the purchasing power of local populations. According to the researcher, "it is predictable that, in fact, tourism will grow. It's amazing for our country. However, we'll have to bear in mind that people inhabit cities, people live and have lived in these cities for long years and they have always lead their lives in these neighborhoods, and as such, we must look into this phenomenon".
Filipa Fernandes has a PhD in Tourism (Antropology of Tourism) by the University of Évora and is the author of several books, among them Antropologia e Turismo, teorias, métodos e praxis. She is an Assistant Professor at Instituto Superior de Ciências Sociais e Políticas, and a Visiting Academic at the Multidimensional Tourism Institute, University of Lapland. Her current research interests are the production of tourist imagery in Finnish Lapland, and tourism and the impact of tourism in the city of Lisbon.