Aftermath of the IV Lisbon International Arctic Workshop and Conference

The IV Lisbon International Arctic Workshop and Conference took place on October 5th at ISCSP. This event was organized by the Politics & Government research group at CAPP. This year's conference theme was "Arctic Global Sustainable Development, Challenges and Resilience - From climate change to security, people and places", and had the participation of researchers from several countries.

The opening cerimony began with the intervention of ISCSP's Vice-President and CAPP researcher Alice Trindade. She was followed up by CAPP President Paulo Castro Seixas, CAPP researcher António Sousa Lara and Heitor Barras Romana (IO/ISCSP). The Arctic's relevance for today's world was stressed right from opening cerimony. The first panel opened with some considerations on the work of Halford Mackinder ("Halford Mackinder and the Arctic Region - so old and so modern") by Carlos Mendes Dias, a researcher from the Military Academy. Natalia Loukacheva, from the University of Northern British Columbia, followed with some reflections on the global consequences of changes in the Arctic region ("Changing Arctic and the Globe").

The first panel finished with the contribution of Valter Cláudio (ISCSP), focusing on the case of Canada in the global arctic context of the begining of the 21st century ("Canada and the Arctic in the 21st Century"). This panel was moderated by Teresa Silva (IO/ISCSP).

The second panel of the day opened with a study on the geopolitical and economical tensions related with Arctic resources, presented by CAPP researcher Mário Pontes ("The Geo-economic tensions of the Arctic resources and sustainable development"). Next, Sandra Balão, who is also a researcher at CAPP and the coordinator of the Politics & Government research group, introduced to the audience aspects related to the militarization of the Arctic and the relationship between the different powers ("The Militarization of the Arctic and the Nordic Military Pact. A matter of sustainable development and/or resilience?"). CAPP researcher Pedro Fonseca moderated this session.

Lassi Heininen, from the University of Lapland took the stage for the last session of the day to bring a different perspective on the geopolitical situation of the Arctic region ("(Re) conceptualizing 'environmentized Security Nexus of the 'global' Arctic - are Putin's Russia and Trump's US commited to the high Arctic stability?"). For the researcher, the geopolitical situation cannot be dissociated from the environmental issues. Not only are the militar and political options conditioned by environmental aspects (such as defrosting and the dissapearing of the Arctic ice sheets), but these can also contribute for the creation of new scenarios with no precedent in history.